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生活小悟: Jobs 在Stanford毕业典礼上的演讲 (续二)
You've got to find what you love, Jobs says
  第三个故事是死亡 (Death)

 十七岁时读到的一则格言影响了我:“把每一天登当作生命中的最后一天,你终会找到人生的方向.”过去三十三年,每天我都会扪心自问:“如果今天是我人生的最后一天,那我要做些什么?”当我多天都得到“没事做”的答案,该改变了.

 提醒自己快死了,是我在判断重大决定时,最重要的工具.因为几乎每件事,所有外界期望,所有名誉,所有对窘困或失败的恐惧,在面对死亡时,全都消失了,只有最重要的东西才会留下来.用死亡提醒自己,是避免陷入害怕失去的欲望陷阱,最好的方法.生不带来,死不带去,为什么不就顺心而为.

 一年前,我被诊断得了癌症.早上七点半做扫描时,发现胰脏里出现肿瘤,我甚至不知道
胰脏是用来做什么的.医生告诉我,这几乎确定是不治之症,大概活不到三到六个月了.医生要我回家,好好跟家人聚聚,医生面对临终的病人总是这样说.这代表你得在几个月内,把将来十年想跟小孩说的话讲完,你真的得说再见了.

 我满脑子都是这个判我死刑的诊断.到了晚上做了一次切片,内视镜从喉咙伸进胃再到肠子,还插了跟针到胰脏取出肿瘤细胞.打了镇定剂之后我不醒人事,但是我太太陪着我,看着医生检查.她跟我说,当医生查看癌细胞后喜极而泣,因为那是非常少见的胰脏癌,可以用外科手术切除.我现在完全康复了.

 那是我离死神最近的一刻,希望也是未来几十年最接近的一次.在生死关卡徘徊过之后,我更要告诉大家:没有人想死,即使那些想上天堂的,也想活着上天堂. 但死是我们共同的终点,没人逃得过.死,更是生命最伟大的发明,是送旧迎新,传承生命的媒介.现在新生代是你们,但不久的将来,你们也会年华老去,离开人生 的舞台.抱歉形容的这么戏剧化,但这是真的.

 人生短暂,不要浪费时间活在别人的阴影里.不要被教条所惑,盲从教条等于活在别人的思考.不要让他人的噪音压过自己的声音.最重要的,有勇气跟着自己的内心与直觉.

 求知若渴,虚心若愚(STAY HUNGRY, STAY FOOLISH) .我总是以此期许自己.现在你们毕业了,我也以此期许你们:求知若渴,虚心若愚. 非常谢谢大家.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery.I had the surgery,I'm fine now.

This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope it's the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. Thank you all very much.

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